What is the nursing management of otitis media?

What is the nursing management of otitis media?

What is the nursing management of otitis media?

The goal of nursing care to a child with otitis media include relief from pain, improved hearing and communication, avoidance of re-infection, and increased knowledge about the disease condition and its management.

What is the prevention of otitis media?

Breast-feeding, using family or small-group day care for infants and toddlers and avoiding exposure to household tobacco smoke are the main preventive measures against acute otitis media (AOM). It is also useful to immunize children who have recurrent otitis media with the influenza and the pneumococcal vaccines.

What is the basic course of treatment for otitis media?

High-dosage amoxicillin (80 to 90 mg per kg per day, divided into two daily doses for 10 days) is recommended as first-line antibiotic therapy in children with acute otitis media. 1,24 In children older than six years with mild to moderate disease, a five- to seven-day course is adequate.

Which treatment would the nurse prepare to administer to fight infection in a patient with external otitis?

Most cases of acute OE respond well to topical treatment. Antibiotic eardrops, with or without a corticosteroid (given to decrease inflammation), are the mainstay of therapy.

What is the complication of otitis media?

Serious complications of acute otitis media (AOM) include meningitis, brain abscesses, epidural abscesses, mastoiditis, permanent sensorineural hearing loss, and death.

What nursing actions should be implemented to decrease the risk of infection in the patient with immunodeficiency?

These are the general principles of preventing infection in patients with weak immune systems:

  • Practice good hand hygiene. Many infections are spread from bacteria or viruses that we pick up on our hands when we touch people or objects around us.
  • Avoid contact with people who are sick.
  • Get vaccinated.

What can you do to prevent ear infections?

Wash your hands. Children and adults who wash their hands with soap and clean, running water can help prevent the spread of germs that can cause colds and ear infections. Hand-washing is important especially after using the bathroom, when preparing food, before eating, and after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose.

Which risk factors help diagnose a patient with media otitis?

The following are proven risk factors for otitis media:

  • Prematurity and low birth weight.
  • Young age.
  • Early onset.
  • Family history.
  • Race – Native American, Inuit, Australian aborigine.
  • Altered immunity.
  • Craniofacial abnormalities.
  • Neuromuscular disease.

What are the five risk factors for otitis media?