What is anaphor and Cataphor?

What is anaphor and Cataphor?

What is anaphor and Cataphor?

In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression.

What is an example of cataphora?

Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep.

What are the types of anaphora?

There are various types of anaphora. The most widespread ones are: pronominal anaphora, which is realized by anaphoric pronouns; adjectival anaphora, realized by anaphoric possessive adjectives; and one-anaphora, the anaphoric expression is realized by a “one” noun phrase (Fig. 3).

What is cataphora in pragmatics?

What is cataphora? Cataphora is a figure of speech or literary device in which a pronoun or pro-verb used initially in a sentence refers to an expression or subject which is used afterward. It is the opposite of anaphora, which places the pronoun or pro-verb later than the expression or subject in a sentence.

Are pronouns Anaphors?

A word that refers back to another word or phrase In English grammar, “anaphora” is the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer back to another word or phrase.

What is the difference between anaphora and cataphora PDF?

is that anaphora is (rhetoric) the repetition of a phrase at the beginning of phrases, sentences, or verses, used for emphasis while cataphora is {{context|linguistics|rhetoric|lang=en}} the use of a pronoun, or other linguistic unit, before the noun phrase to which it refers, sometimes used for rhetorical effect.

What is the meaning of cataphoric?

Definition of cataphoric : of or relating to cataphora especially : being a word or phrase (such as a pronoun) that takes its reference from a following word or phrase (such as her in before her Jane saw nothing but desert) — compare anaphoric.

Why is cataphoric reference used?

Cataphoric reference is used when a word or phrase refers to a piece of information mentioned later in the text / discourse. Cataphora is an expression that can only be fully understood by using the context of an expression mentioned later in the text.

What is temporal anaphora?

INTRODUCTION. Partee (1973) introduced the notion of ‘temporal anaphora’ to describe. the semantic dependency of tense morphemes on temporal adverbs or. temporal conjunctions in sentences such as (1) and (2).1.

What is adjectival anaphora?

A word that refers back to another word or phrase The adjective is anaphoric, and the term is also known by the phrases anaphoric reference or backward anaphora. A word that gets its meaning from a preceding word or phrase is called an anaphor. The preceding word or phrase is called the antecedent, referent, or head.

What is zero anaphora in pragmatics?

Zero anaphora is the use of a gap, in a phrase or clause, that has an anaphoric function similar to a pro-form. It is often described as “referring back” to an expression that supplies the information necessary for interpreting the gap.

What are cataphoric pronouns?

Cataphoric pronouns are pronouns that occur linearly before their antecedent. In other words, they are instances of referential dependencies in which the antecedent follows the referentially dependent element, as illustrated in (1).