What is the tensor veli palatini?

What is the tensor veli palatini?

What is the tensor veli palatini?

The tensor veli palatini is a flat, fusiform muscle that, like the levator, attaches to the petrous part of the temporal bone, the pterygoid bones, and the lateral lamina of the guttural pouch. 51. Its tendon is reflected around the hamulus of the pterygoid bone, where it is lubricated by a bursa.

What does tensor palatini muscle do?

Function. The tensor veli palatini tenses the soft palate and by doing so, assists the levator veli palatini in elevating the palate to occlude and prevent entry of food into the nasopharynx during swallowing.

What are the levator veli palatini muscles?

The levator veli palatini muscle is one of the 5 paired muscles of the soft palate. It is a cylindrical muscle which together form a V-shaped sling behind and above the soft palate.

What is the tensor tympani muscle?

Tensor tympani is a tiny, but long paired muscle of the middle ear. Together with the stapedius, it belongs to the group of intratympanic muscles. Tensor tympani occupies a bony canal found superior to the osseous part of the auditory tube (pharyngotympanic tube; Eustachian tube).

What does Veli mean in anatomy?

A velum is a “veil, curtain, or awning” and palatini refers to palate. Therefore, the tensor veli palatini (there are a pair of them) stretches and flattens the soft palate against the back of the throat helping seal off the throat from the nasal cavity during swallowing.

Where is the Hamulus?

The pterygoid hamulus is a hook-shaped bony process located bilaterally on each medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone, posterior and medial to each maxillary tuberosity.

What is the levator veli palatini muscle innervated by?

The levator veli palatini muscle is innervated by branches from the pharyngeal plexus, which is formed by glossopharyngeal (CN IX) and vagus nerves (CN X).

What are attachment of tensor tympani?

The tensor tympani is attached to the malleus; it is innervated by a branch of the Vth cranial nerve. The action of both muscles is to decrease sound transmission through the middle ear. The effect of contraction of the middle ear muscles is generally to reduce transmission of sound through the middle ear.

What causes tensor tympani spasm?

Tonic tensor tympani syndrome (TTTS) is an involuntary, anxiety-based condition where the reflex threshold for tensor tympani muscle activity is reduced, causing a frequent spasm. This can trigger aural symptoms from tympanic membrane tension, middle ear ventilation alterations and trigeminal nerve irritability.

What is Veli in Latin?

Veli means veil as in a bride’s veil. palatini means “of the palate” or roof of the mouth.

What does the Punjabi word velly mean?

Velly means bad character, depraved, lewd, and loafer. Unfortunately, it is being promoted as a virtue for someone who is tough and gangster in Punjabi songs.