What is sodium citrate used for?
What is sodium citrate used for?
CITRIC ACID; SODIUM CITRATE (SIH trik AS id; SOE dee um SIH trayt) makes blood and urine more alkaline or less acidic. This helps prevent some kidney stones. It is also used to treat metabolic acidosis, a condition in some people with kidney problems.
What is mEq of citric acid?
Sodium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP contains in each teaspoonful (5 mL): SODIUM CITRATE Dihydrate 500 mg (0.34 Molar) CITRIC ACID Monohydrate 334 mg (0.32 Molar) Each mL contains 1 mEq sodium ion and is equivalent to 1 mEq bicarbonate (HCO3).
How is sodium citrate administer?
Usual Adult Dose 2 to 6 teaspoonfuls (10 to 30 mL), diluted in 1 to 3 ounces of water, after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by a physician.
How much sodium citrate is safe?
For sodium citrate and citric acid Adults—At first, 2 to 6 teaspoonfuls of solution four times a day, after meals and at bedtime. The solution should be mixed in one to three ounces of water. Your doctor may change the dose if needed. However, most people will usually not take more than five ounces a day.
Does sodium citrate increase blood pressure?
As opposed to sodium chloride, however, sodium citrate failed to raise resting blood pressure. The different effects of the two salts on resting blood pressure can, therefore, not be accounted for by differences in their effects on the pressor response to norepinephrine or angiotensin II.
How many mg is 10 mEq of potassium citrate?
potassium citrate ER 10 mEq (1,080 mg) tablet,extended release.
How much potassium citrate should I take daily?
Adults—At first, 15 to 30 milliequivalents (mEq) two times a day, or 10 to 20 mEq three times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 100 mEq per day. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
Does sodium citrate make you pee more?
Can this preparation cause problems? Recommended doses of sodium citrate are unlikely to cause any side-effects other than making you want to pass a little more urine than normal.
How often can you take sodium citrate?
How to use Sodium CITRATE & CITRIC Acid. Shake the container well before each dose. Take this medication by mouth, usually 4 times a day or as directed by your doctor.
Does sodium citrate dissolve kidney stones?
Citrate also is an inhibitor of calcium phosphate crystals and stones. Key points about alkali citrate, dissolving kidney stones, and preventing kidney stone formation: 1. Alkali citrates can dissolve and prevent uric acid and cystine stones by raising urine pH into the alkaline range.
How many mEq of sodium are in a mL of citrate?
Each mL contains 1 mEq sodium ion and is equivalent to 1 mEq bicarbonate (HCO3). INACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Flavoring, polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, purified water, sodium benzoate, and sorbitol solution. Sodium citrate is absorbed and metabolized to sodium bicarbonate, thus acting as a systemic alkalizer.
What is the label for sodium citrate and citric acid?
Drug Label Information. Sodium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP (colorless, grape flavor) is supplied in the following oral dosage forms: NDC 0121-0595-16: 16 fl oz (473 mL) bottle – NDC
What is the use of sodium citrate in milk?
sodium citrate is used to prevent the curdling of milk by rennin, & is used for this prupose to alter cow’s milk in the feeding of infants so that large hard curds are not formed in the stomach… 100 mg may be added to each 30 ml of milk.
Is sodium citrate oxidized in the body?
IN THE BODY, SODIUM CITRATE IS OXIDIZED TO BICARBONATE & EXCRETED IN THE URINE; THUS, WHEN GIVEN ORALLY IT IS USEFUL IN ACIDOSIS & TO OVERCOME EXCESSIVE URINARY ACIDITY. Osol, A. and J.E. Hoover, et al. (eds.). Remington’s Pharmaceutical Sciences. 15th ed. Easton, Pennsylvania: Mack Publishing Co., 1975., p. 802