What is IAP2 spectrum?

What is IAP2 spectrum?

What is IAP2 spectrum?

The IAP2 Public Participation Spectrum is designed to assist with the selection of the level of participation that defines the public’s role in any community engagement program.

What is IAP2 framework?

Description: The International Association for Public Participation (IAP2) has developed a spectrum for public participation, specifically for government decision making. The spectrum can be easily adapted for other contexts and a modified version has been produced for a research context.

What are the 3 pillars of public involvement?

Developed with broad international input, these pillars cross national, cultural and religious boundaries, and they form the foundation of P2 processes that reflect the interests and concerns of all stakeholders.

What is public engagement IAP2?

IAP2 carries out its mission to advance and extend the practice of public participation by organizing and conducting professional development activities to serve the learning needs of members.

What is participation spectrum?

The Spectrum of Public Participation describes five general modes of participation that fall on a progressive continuum of increasing public influence over decision-making in a civic-engagement process, and it can help community groups define and determine the public’s role in a democratic decision-making process.

What is ladder of participation?

Roger Hart’s Ladder of Participation shows young people-initiated, shared decisions with adults as the top form of young people’s participation, followed immediately by young people-initiated and directed. This is somewhat controversial an issue for many people working with and around young people.

What is the spectrum of engagement?

The Spectrum of Public Participation is an internationally recognized model developed to help clarify the role of the public in planning and decision making, and how much influence the community has over planning or decision making processes. The model identifies 5 levels of community engagement.

What is the spectrum of public participation?

How is community engagement be conducted in the community?

Community Engagement is…the process of working collaboratively with and through groups of people affiliated by geographic proximity, special interest, or similar situations to address issues affecting the well-being of those people It is a powerful vehicle for bringing about environmental and behavioral changes that …

What are the 8 levels of participation?


  • Manipulation.
  • Therapy.
  • Informing.
  • Consultation.
  • Placation.
  • Partnership.
  • Delegated power.
  • Citizen control.