# What is backsight and foresight?

## What is backsight and foresight?

Back Sight: The first staff reading taken by the surveyor after the levelling instrument is set up and levelled. B.S is generally taken on the point of known reduced level as on the benchmark or a change point. Fore sight (FS): The last staff reading taken before changing the instrument to the other position.

## What is difference between backsight and foresight bearing?

In context|surveying|lang=en terms the difference between backsight and foresight. is that backsight is (surveying) to shoot a backsight while foresight is (surveying) a bearing taken forwards towards a new object.

Why is Backsight called Positive sight and foresight called negative sight?

Just because of the reading is taken of known elevation to continue the further process of taking foresights, this is also called as plus sight. i.e existing plus one. and foresight is also known as a minus sight. because all the elevations are needed to be determined through a levelling process.

### What is a backsight distance?

The angle to a line of sight, measured clockwise from (usually) a north meridian. Backsight. A backsight is a reading taken on a position of known coordinate(s). Since a survey progresses from a point of known position to points of unknown position, a backsight is a reading looking “backward” along the line of progress …

### What is backsight in levelling?

A backsight (BS) is a sight taken with the level to a point X of known elevation E(X) , so that the height of the instrument HI can be found. A backsight in direct levelling is usually taken in a backward direction, but not always.

What is Backsight civil engineering?

Back sight (BS) – short for “back sight reading”, the first staff reading taken by the surveyor after the levelling instrument is set up and levelled. B.S is generally taken on the point of known reduced level as on the benchmark or a change point.

## What is the purpose of backsight?

backsight-1 A point used to determine the elevation and/or angular orientation of the surveying instrument.

## How do you calculate backsight?

Measure a backsight on A (for example, BS = 1.89 m). Measure on C a foresight FS = 0.72 m. Calculate HI = BS + E(A) = 1.89 m + 100 m = 101.89 m. Find the elevation of turning point C as E(C ) = HI-FS = 101.89 m – 0.72 m = 101.17 m.

Why backsight and the foresight distance should be equal in leveling?

In a level circuit with no inverted rod shots, backsight readings are added and foresights are subtracted. Therefore, if the backsight and foresight distances are equal, each backsight error will be canceled by the following foresight error.

### What is backside in surveying?

Definition of backsight 1 surveying : a reading of the leveling rod in its unchanged position when the leveling instrument has been taken to a new position. 2 surveying : a sight directed backward to a previous station.

### What is backsight and foresight reading in levelling?

The backsight is the first staff reading taken after the level is set up and leveled at the point. Foresight (FS) or Foresight reading. It is a staff reading taken on a point whose elevation has to be determined through levelling process. It is also known as minus sight.

What is Backsight method?

[′bak‚sīt ′meth·əd] (engineering) A plane-table traversing method in which the table orientation produces the alignment of the alidade on an established map line, the table being rotated until the line of sight is coincident with the corresponding ground line.