How do you choose an indicator for an acid-base titration?

How do you choose an indicator for an acid-base titration?

How do you choose an indicator for an acid-base titration?

When selecting an indicator for acid-base titrations, choose an indicator whose pH range falls within the pH change of the reaction. For example, in the titration of a strong acid with a strong base, the pH quickly changes from 3 to 11.

What is the pH range of phenolphthalein?

As an indicator of a solution’s pH, phenolphthalein is colourless below pH 8.5 and attains a pink to deep red hue above pH 9.0.

What is the color of Alizarin yellow at pH 4?

pH Indicator Ranges (Ascending pH)

pH Range Indicator
3.0 (red) – 6.3 (yellow) Methyl Orange
4.0 (red) – 5.6 (yellow) Alizarin Red S
4.0 (yellow) – 5.6 (blue) Bromocresol Green
4.0 (colorless) – 6.6 (green) Dichlorofluorescein

Which indicator should be used for a pH change from 7 to 8?

For litmus, it so happens that the 50 / 50 colour does occur at close to pH 7 – that’s why litmus is commonly used to test for acids and alkalis….The pH range of indicators.

indicator pKind pH range
litmus 6.5 5 – 8
methyl orange 3.7 3.1 – 4.4
phenolphthalein 9.3 8.3 – 10.0

What is the best indicator for acids and bases?

Perhaps the best-known pH indicator is litmus. Thymol Blue, Phenol Red, and Methyl Orange are all common acid-base indicators. Red cabbage can also be used as an acid-base indicator.

What are acid-base indicators?

Acid–base indicators are compounds that change color when they become protonated or deprotonated. Because this color change occurs over a specific pH range, indicators can be used to approximate the equivalence point of an acid–base titration.

What is the pH range of methyl orange indicator?

3.1 – 4.4
Detailed Solution The pH value range where the methyl orange indicator changes its color is 3.1 – 4.4.

Why is thymol blue used as an indicator?

Thymol blue (thymolsulfonephthalein) is a brownish-green or reddish-brown crystalline powder that is used as a pH indicator. It is insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and dilute alkali solutions. It transitions from red to yellow at pH 1.2–2.8 and from yellow to blue at pH 8.0–9.6.

Which pH value would be considered basic?

As this diagram shows, pH ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. pHs less than 7 are acidic while pHs greater than 7 are alkaline (basic).

What is the formula for pH?

pH is defined by the following equation, pH = −log [H+] , where [H+] denotes the molar hydrogen ion concentration. Notice that we are required to take the common (base 10) logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration in order to calculate pH.